Las quemaduras en la población pediátrica colombiana: del desconocimiento hacia la prevención

  • María Cristina del Rosario Aldana Residente de Pediatría, Children's Hospital of Michigan, EE.UU
  • Luisa Fernanda Castellanos Clínica Infantil Colsubsidio, Bogotá, Colombia
  • Lineth Q. Osorio Unidad de Quemados, Hospital Simón Bolívar, Bogotá, Colombia
  • Norberto Navarrete Grupo IDIMEC (Iniciativa para el desarrollo y la investigación en Medicina de Emergencias en Colombia), Bogotá, Colombia

Resumen

DOI: 10.1016/j.rcpe.2016.09.001

El traumatismo es un problema de salud pública en todo el mundo y debe ser reconocido como un evento predecible y por ende prevenible. Las lesiones térmicas o quemaduras son uno de los peores traumatismos a los que un individuo puede estar expuesto. Las quemaduras fatales contribuyen en gran parte a la mortalidad de los países en desarrollo y son la tercera causa de muerte traumática de la población pediátrica mundial. Además, las lesiones no fatales tienen devastadores efectos fisiopatológicos que, junto con las secuelas físicas y psíquicas, producen discapacidad prolongada o permanente que afecta a la calidad de vida de los sobrevivientes.

La clave para disminuir la morbimortalidad asociada a las quemaduras es la prevención. Es necesario establecer datos estadísticos confiables que determinen los grupos, características y regiones de mayor riesgo; además de diseñar e implementar intervenciones efectivas y de impacto en la población pediátrica y en los responsables del cuidado de los niños, todo esto con el fin de generar programas de prevención. Este artículo de opinión discute aspectos importantes acerca de cómo evitar las quemaduras, además de informar y complementar los resultados de un reciente estudio que caracteriza las muertes por quemaduras en Colombia. Finalmente, propone una intervención educativa, con el firme objetivo de sensibilizar a la población en general sobre la gravedad de este problema y la necesidad de disminuir el número de niños quemados en nuestro país.

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Publicado
2016-10-01
Sección
Artículo de opinión